M. Karimi, H. Mokhlis, K. Naidu, S. Uddin, A.H.A. Bakar “Photovoltaic penetration issues and impacts in distribution network – A review”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 53, pp. 594–605, 2016.
M. Mejbaul Haque, Peter Wolfs, “A review of high PV penetrations in LV distribution networks: Present status, impacts and mitigation measures,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 62, (2016), 1195–1208
P. Kundur, “Power System Stability and Control”, McGraw-Hill, 1993
J. Eto, Undrill, J., Mackin, P., Daschmans, R., Williams, B., Haney, B., Hamachi-LaCommare, K. “Use of Frequency Response Metrics to Assess the Planning and Operating Requirements for Reliable Integration of Variable Renewable
Generation”, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, (December 2010), LBNL-4142E. Online available:
S.Temtem, & K. Creighton, “Summary of Studies on Rate of Change of Frequency events on the All-Island System”, EIRGRID, August 2012, 1–8. Available online:
DGA Consulting, “International Review of Frequency Control Adaptation. Australian Energy Market Operator”, 2016, Available online:
North American Electric Reliability Council, “Reliability Risk: Interconnection Frequency Response – (Revision 1),” NERC, 2010. [Online]. Online available:
FERC. (2014). Standard BAL-003-1 — Frequency Response and Frequency Bias Setting, 1–12. Online Available:
Nicholas W. Miller, Miaolei Shao, Sundar Venkataraman, “California ISO (CAISO) Frequency Response Study,” 2011. Online available:
COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2017/1485, Available online: EU Network Code on System Operation
ENTSO-E, Supporting Document for the Network Code on Load-Frequency Control and Reserves ,2013. Available online at:
E. Hirst and B. Kirby, Creating Competitive Markets for Ancillary Services, Oct. 1997, Oak Ridge National Laboratory/CON-448. Available online:
PREPA Minimum Technical Requirements for Interconnection of Photovoltaic (PV) Facilities. Available online:
Eric Orum et all, “Future system inertia”, ENTSO-E report, Online Available:
ENTSO-E RG-CE System Protection & Dynamics Sub Group, “Frequency Stability Evaluation Criteria for the Synchronous Zone of Continental Europe – Requirements and impacting factors”, ENTSO-E report, March 2016, Online Available:
International Electrotechnical Commission, “Grid integration of large-capacity Renewable Energy sources and use of large-capacity Electrical Energy Storage”, IEC white paper, Online Available:
Ecofys and DigSilent, “ALL ISLAND TSO FACILITATION OF RENEWABLES STUDIES”, Final Report for Lot3/ENQEIR132, prepared for EIRGRID plc, 04 June 2010, Online Available:
Debra Lew, Dick Piwko, Nick Miller, Gary Jordan, Kara Clark, and Lavelle Freeman, “How Do High Levels of Wind and Solar Impact the Grid? The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study”, Technical Report, NREL/TP-5500-50057, December 2010, Online Available:
V. Gevorgian, S. Booth, “Review of PREPA technical requirements for interconnecting wind and solar generation”, National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Golden, CO, USA, 2013. Online Available:
E. Muljadi, V. Gevorgian, M. Singh and S. Santoso, “Understanding inertial and frequency response of wind power plants,” IEEE Power Electronics and Machines in Wind Applications, Denver, CO, 2012, pp. 1-8. Online Available:
Holttinen, Hannele ; Cutululis, Nicolaos Antonio; Gubina, Andrej ; Keane, Andrew ; Van Hulle, Frans, “Ancillary services: technical specifications, system needs and costs. Deliverable D 2.2”, REserviseS project, Online Available:
Parameters related to voltage issues, ENTSO-E guidance document for national implementation for network codes on grid connection, Draft for consultation 1 July – 15 August 2016, 30 June 2016, p.2. Available [Online]:
Establishing a network code on requirements for grid connection of generators, Commission Regulation (EU) 2016/631 of 14 April 2016, Available [Online]:
Establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation, Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017, Available [Online]:
M. Braun, “Provision of ancillary services by distributed generators – Technological and economic perspective”. Kassel University, 2008. Available [Online]:
Ana Cabrera-Tobar, Eduard Bullich -Massagué, Mònica Aragüés-Peñalba, Oriol Gomis – Bellmunt, “Review of advanced grid requirements for the integration of large scale photovoltaic power plants in the transmission system”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 62, pp. 971-987, 2016.
Liang J, Wang Y, Fubao W, Xiao Fang W, Chao A, Zhen L, “Comparative study of standards for grid connected PV system in China, the US and European countries”, Tech. Rep., National Energy Administration of China, 2013. Available [Online]
Reactive Power Requirements for Non-Synchronous Generation, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Issued June 16, 2016, Available [Online]:
Reactive Power Requirements for Asynchronous Resources, California ISO, March 2015, Available [Online]:
ENTSO-E WGAS. Survey on Ancillary services procurement, Balancing market design 2015, March 2017, Available [Online]:
Reactive Power Market; Obligatory and Enhanced Reactive Power Services; Invitation to Tenders and Guidance Notes for the Completion of Tenders, National Grid, July 2017, Available [Online]:
Stephen F. Bush, John Wiley & Sons, “Smart grid: Communication-enabled
intelligence for the electric power grid”, 2014.
R. Ma, H. Chen, Y. Huang and W. Meng, “Smart Grid Communication: Its Challenges and Opportunities," IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 36-46, March 2013.
V. C. Gungor et al., “Smart Grid Technologies, Communication Technologies and Standards," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 529-539, Nov. 2011.
M. H. Cintuglu, O. A. Mohammed, K. Akkaya and A. S. Uluagac, “A Survey on Smart Grid Cyber-Physical System Testbeds," IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 446-464, 2017.
H. Golpîra, H. Seifi and M. R. Haghifam, “Dynamic equivalencing of an active distribution network for large-scale power system frequency stability studies," in IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 9, no. 15, pp. 2245-2254, 19 11 2015.
Gregor Erbah, “Understanding Electricity Markets in the EU”, EPRS, November 2016.
Q. Zhong, G. Weiss, “Synchronverters: Inverters That Mimic Synchronous Generators”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 1259-1267, April 2011